Uncertianty wiht carbon 14 dating
However these things may be, following the tests, the group controlling the process was governed by the belief that the C14 results -- which were on the whole inconclusive or to use the words of BARs reportage skewed -- in some manner confirmed the accuracy of the results arrived at by those basing their chronological determinations on paleography.
This was clear not only from the two articles drafted after both runs, but also in press releases and interviews accompanying the announcements of the results in which the personal bitterness that has characterized the debate from the beginning was so evident.
In particular, these attacks focused upon Eisenman, possibly because, though he was the scholar who had initially called for the tests, they did not wish to follow his caveats or possibly because it had since become clear that he was one of the prime movers in the campaign to gain access to and free the Scrolls.
Not only did the framers of these articles directly attack his theories, but Magen Broshi took this attack to a new level of personalized invective in the press releases and news stories accompanying these reports, calling Eisenman ignorant, "vain, even worse, and describing his theories as cranky. ( who while not part of the team appointed to test the Scrolls was generally representative of network theorizing regarding them ) was quoted as referring to Eisenmans position that there was a connection between the Scrolls and the movement we call Christianity as a wholesale theft from the Jewish people.
Drori, to gain access to the Qumran parallels to the famous Damascus Document (CD) and the general situation denying access to unpublished Qumran materials to scholars not part of the "International Team or those favored for some reason by it.
In their letter describing and protesting this situation, Eisenman and Davies suggested that if Mr.
The groups that oversaw the two recent rounds of AMS C14 used the inexact pre-1998 dating curve in calculating these sigmas.
Despite the heavy public relation blitz claiming the opposite, in fact the theories of these opposition scholars were in better alignment with the actual results of the tests than those of establishment scholars such as Roland de Vaux, John Strugnell, Josef Milik, F. Cross, Geza Vermes, Lawrence Schiffman, Emmanuel Tov, James Vander Kam, Emile Puech, F. In our judgment the group that drew the conclusions given in the several press releases above was simply biased ab initio and was confirming its own theories with its interpretations of the results.
In their letter, however, aside from sending an attachment detailing these new methods, they cited two caveats.
One was that the new methods of dating materials should be applied to determine relative not absolute chronology, that is, earlier versus later in the same test run -- absolute chronology in their view being virtually impossible to determine because of the multiple imprecisions to which C14 testing was subject.
In this drumbeat of attacks on his person and theories, Professor Lawrence Schiffman of N. Despite this lack of scholarly collegiality and respect for opposing and dissenting theorizing, these reports and press releases accompanying the announcement of the results bordered on being taken as being official.
So influential were they that in academic papers around the world these two runs of AMS C14 testing were looked at as conclusively demonstrating when the Scrolls had been written -- and this was generally taken to be before 40 BC even though no such results were warranted.